Jahan Ara: Daughter of Mughal King Shah Jahan who became the ‘richest’ p. It is the day of the coronation of Prince Khurram and there is a lot of preparations in the palace.
Where Ara writes of the day in her diary: ‘We all wore new clothes. I wore a silk tunic and dark blue pajamas with silver embroidery. He has taken a silver latticed dupatta. The only difference is that Roshan Ara wore a dress of the same design, the color of her dress is bright yellow and gold. Sati Al-Nisa Begum looks stunning in purple dress and golden pashwaz.
All the great elders of the Mughal Empire are present in the Diwan-e-Aam. Curtains have been put up for women. We sat by the chimney to see the court. Tried to identify the ones I could recognize. Nana Asif Khan was seen wearing a golden forehead and a red shawl over his shoulder. Abdul Rahim Khan Khanan had a conversation with Arjun Singh, the young prince of Mewar. Mahabat Khan was prominent in his white mustache.
Then I heard the sound of drums and realized that Dad was coming. He was mentioned with so many titles and manners that Roshan Ara said, “I did not know that Abu has so many titles.” I whispered, “Do you think they’ll ever remember that?”
Where Ara further states that the father was wearing jewelry adorned with the finest jewels of the Mughal Empire. Her forehead was made of golden silk, which was worked with pearls and silver threads. There were diamond headpieces, a two-winged ornament on a turban, a necklace with six strings of pearls around the neck, and pearls the size of a dove’s egg. On the arm he was wearing an armband and a josh and had rings on his fingers.
She writes that the coronation ceremony was very simple. The royal imam delivered the sermon and offered prayers. Then, one after the other, the nobles kept coming, giving them presents with congratulations.
“There were gold seals, jewelry boxes, rare diamonds, pearls, precious Chinese silk garments, European perfumes and a variety of jewelry because the rich prince knew that his father loved jewelry.”
The father made the first announcement as king. He told the audience that his mother’s address would be ‘Mumtaz Mahal’ from today and she would be given an annual stipend of Rs. 1 million. Begum Noor Jahan should be given an annual stipend of Rs 200,000, Nana Asif Khan had now become the Prime Minister of her father. They were given royal robes. Mahabat Khan was given the manor of Ajmer. Arjun Singh was given gold seals, jewels and horses.
What Ara has not mentioned is his own duty. This announcement may not have been made on that day as a month-long celebration was announced along with the coronation but his father and King Shah Jahan had fixed an annual stipend of six lakh rupees for him and thus Became the richest princess when she was only 14 years old.
It should be noted that very few names of women have come to light during the Mughal rule, among which Gulbadin Begum, Noor Jahan, Mumtaz Mahal, Jahan Ara, Roshan Ara and Zeb Al-Nisa can be mentioned.
Two of them, namely Noor Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal, should be the queen and the status of the rest should not be equal to that of Ara, because no one except Roshan Ara could become the head of the harem i.e. Begum Sahiba or Badshah Begum.
Where Ara’s mother died when she was only 17 years old and from that time the burden of the Mughal Empire’s harem fell on her shoulders.
King Shah Jahan was so saddened by his wife’s grief that in a way he started living a life of seclusion.
Mehboob-ur-Rehman Kaleem writes in his book ‘Jahan Ara’ that after the death of Mumtaz Mahal, the king wore black mourning clothes but some other historians say that he had adopted extreme simplicity and was seen in white clothes. However, after the death of his wife, the hair of his beard had also turned white.
Instead of entrusting the affairs of the palace to any of his other queens in such a world, Shah Jahan made his youngest daughter Jahan Ara the king’s wife and added another four lakh to her annual stipend which increased her annual stipend to one million. Done.
Dr Rahma Javed Rashid, an assistant professor in the Department of History and Culture at Jamia Millia in Delhi, told the BBC that two important women of the Mughal period were Noor Jahan and Jahan Ara Begum.
She was not the Queen of India, but after the death of her mother Mumtaz Begum, she remained the most powerful and powerful woman of the Mughal Empire all her life. After the death of his mother, he was given the title of King Begum and the entire responsibility of the Haram fell on the shoulders of this young man of 17 years.
“Jahan Ara was the richest woman not only of India of her time but of the whole world and why not because her father was the richest king of India whose era has been called the Golden Age of India,” she said.
Well known historian and author of Daughters of the Sun, Ira Makhoti says: “When Western tourists visited India, they were amazed at how influential the Mughal wives were. In contrast, British women at that time did not have such rights. He was amazed that the Begums were doing business and she was instructing them on what to do and what not to do.
Where Ara’s wealth can be gauged from the fact that he had many estates, on the day his father was crowned he was given one lakh nobles and four lakh rupees while announcing six lakh annual stipend. What happened
And after the death of his mother, half of all his property was given to Jahan and the other half was distributed among the other children.
Dr. M. Waseem Raja, Associate Professor of History at Aligarh Muslim University, describes her wealth: was given. Among the gardens given to him are the gardens Jahan Ara, Bagh Noor and Bagh Safa. His estates included Achhal, Farjahra and Bachhol, Safapur, Dohara Sarkar and Panipat Pargana. They were also given the city of Surat where their ships sailed and traded with the British.
Researcher Ziauddin Ahmed writes in his book ‘Jahan Ara’ quoting Muhammad Saleh that ‘in three days the king distributed 15,000 ashrafs and almost the same amount to the poor. One thousand rupees was donated daily in such a way that at night a thousand rupees would be placed under Ara’s pillow and in the morning it would be distributed among the poor. Senior officers imprisoned for treason were released and their debts amounting to Rs 7 lakh were forgiven.
While Ji Yazdani writes that ‘where the eight days of Ara’s recovery were celebrated, they were weighed in gold and the gold was distributed among the poor. On the first day, Shah Jahan gave the princess 130 pearls and 500,000 rupees as a gift. The next day a headdress was given in which diamonds and pearls were inlaid. The port of Surat was also given on this occasion with an annual income of Rs. 500,000.
Ji Yazdani has written that not only Jahan Ara but also the Hakim who treated him was filled with wealth.
According to him: ‘Hakim Mohammad Dawood got the leadership of two thousand foot and two hundred horses, besides khalat and elephant, a horse with a golden saddle, a gold seal of 500 tolas and a coin of the same weight specially minted on this occasion. Also given A slave Arif was given gold and khalat equal to his weight, horses and elephants and seven thousand rupees.
Mentioning his wealth, Mehboob-ur-Rehman Kaleem writes that ‘Shah Jahan had given a huge jagir to his beloved daughter. Apart from this, there is no limit to the rewards that Ara received in the lowest number of ceremonies. Where the lands given to him in Ara Begum’s estate were very fertile. Malik Surat which was a very prosperous province was given by Shah Jahan as a jagir. At that time his annual income was seven and a half million. At the same time, they were given the port of Surat, which was always used by traders from different countries. And because of this their revenue was a little over five lakh rupees. Apart from this, fertile places like Azamgarh, Anbala, etc. were also included in his jagir.
But where Ara used to call herself poor. Her life was simple and she took great care of the veil. So many historians quote Dr. Rahma as saying that the day she was burnt was the night of Nowruz celebration (some have called it her birthday) and when the fire broke out she did not shout that lest No men came running to rescue her and she ran into the women’s ward and fainted.
Two maids were also injured in extinguishing the fire, one of whom died and the world of the palace became dark due to Ara’s illness.
The world of palaces, the world of women
Jahan’s diary shows that he had an older half-sister but all the other children were born to Shah Jahan from the womb of Arjumand Ara ie Mumtaz Mahal.
Referring to the palace where Ara writes: ‘Inside the palace is the world of women. Princesses, queens, midwives, bridesmaids, maids, cooks, laundresses, singers, dancers, painters and the band of slaves around them who keep an eye on them and keep the king informed of the situation there.
“Some women have married the royal family. Some have been brought to the harem at the behest of princes because of their beauty, many have been born within the four walls of the harem. Some women say that once you enter the Haram, no one can see your face. You disappear like a minimalist jinn and after a while your family forgets about you. ‘
But where the form and character of Ara could not be forgotten in Mughal history and mention of his beauty is found in many places. Where Ara herself tells how one day she was suffering from laziness and laziness when her mother scolded her and told her to do something if she was lying dirty like washing. On this, his father Shah Jahan had said, “If this is a washing, it will be the most beautiful washing in the world.”
Jahan Ara compares the beauty of Noor Jahan and her mother in one place and writes that Noor Jahan looked more attractive and beautiful than her mother because of her height and length of face. But she says her mother was also very beautiful and blossomed like a flower that everyone wanted.